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Sounds : Vowels and Consonants for Class 1 English

The vowel sounds and consonant sounds appear to be comparatively easy to learn phonic sound. The students will learn about the difference between vowels and consonants and their significance in the English Language. They will become aware of the common mistakes and exceptions that they should avoid while using them.

In this learning concept, the students will be taught about:

  • The uses of vowel and consonant
  • The examples of consonants and vowels

Each concept is explained to class 1 English students using examples, illustrations, and concept maps. After you go through a concept, assess your learning by solving the two printable worksheets given at the end of the page.

Download the worksheets and check your answers with the worksheet solutions for the concept of sound provided in PDF format.

The English Alphabet

English has a lot of words. Each word is made using letters. There are 26 letters in the English alphabet and it can be divided into two parts. Few letters are called vowels and most of the letters in the English alphabet are called consonants.



The Alphabets and Their Sounds:

Each letter of the alphabet has a sound. These sounds are written with the ‘/’ sign before and after the sound.


The sound for the letter ‘E’ is written in this way: /e/

The sound for the letter ‘J’ is written in this way: /j/

The sound for the letter ‘M’ is written in this way: /m/

The sound for the letter ‘U’ is written in this way: /u/


What are Vowels for Class 1?



Vowels are an important part of the alphabet. Every word in English has at least one vowel. Out of 26 letters, there are 5 vowels. These vowels are ‘a’, ‘e’, ‘i’, ‘o’, ‘u’.







English Vowels:


Letters Sounds Examples
a /a/
e /e/
i /i/
o /o/
u /u/


What are Consonants?

Except for these 5 vowels, others are consonants. We have a total of 21 consonants. They are b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y, z.

Things to Know about Consonants:

  1. Most of the time we use the moving parts of our mouth to make consonant sounds. For instance, lips, tongue, teeth, etc.
  2. Most of the consonants have only one sound.

The 21 Consonants and Their Sounds:


Letters Sounds Examples
b /b/
c /c/
d /d/
f /f/
g /g/
h /h/
j /j/
k /k/
l /l/
m /m/
n /n/
p /p/
q /q/
r /r/
s /s/
t /t/
v /v/
w /w/
x /x/
y /y/
z /z/



Look at the sound words for all the 26 letters in the English alphabet in the table given below.

Consonants and Vowels


A /a/ B /b/ C /c/ D /d/ E /e/
F /f/ G /g/ H /h/ I /i/ J /j/
K /k/ L /l/ M /m/ N /n/ O /o/
P /p/ Q /q/ R /r/ S /s/ T /t/
U /u/ V /v/ W /w/ X /x/ Y /y/
Z /z/



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