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Nouns : Naming Words for Class 1 English

After looking at common naming words, class 1 students should learn about proper nouns. A proper noun plays a very essential part in the English language. A proper noun is the name of a particular person, animal, object, or place. In this learning concept, the students will come across the definition of proper nouns and the general rules of using them in a sentence. They will also be informed about some common mistakes that they must avoid while using proper naming words in a sentence.

In this learning concept, the students will learn to:

  • Apply proper nouns in a sentence.
  • Write proper noun examples.

Each concept is explained to class 1 students using examples, illustrations, and concept maps. After you go through a concept, assess your learning by solving the two printable worksheets given at the end of the page.
Download the worksheets and check your answers with the worksheet solutions for the topic proper noun provided in PDF format.

What is a Noun?

Nouns are also called naming words. Everything around us has a name. So nouns are words for peopleplacesanimals, and things.




telephone is a thing. Other nouns which indicate things are given below.



There are so many people around us. Can you think of any nouns that name a person?


1. Rohan is a boy

Other nouns which indicate people are:

2. doctor

3. chef

4. farmer

Names of places around us are also nouns.


                                     1. zoo

                                   2. beach

                                    3. park

                                    4. school

Nouns create the largest class of words in English. There are different kinds of nouns. In this lesson, we learn about Proper Nouns.

What is a Proper Noun

A noun that gives a special name to a particular person, animal, place or thing is called a proper noun.


Look at this dog. Its name is Pluto. The dog lives with AtulAtul is a boy. Pluto is a special name given to this dog. Similarly, Atul is a special name given to this boy.

Therefore, special names are given to identify a particular personanimalplace, or thing.

General Rules:

1. The days of the weeks are proper nouns. We should always capitalize them.

  • We will visit the museum on Sunday.
  • I will go to school on Monday.

2. The months of the year are proper nouns. We must capitalize them.

  • My birthday is in April.
  • June is the sixth month of the year.

3. Holidays are Proper nouns. Capitalize them.

  • My favourite holiday is Christmas.
  • We celebrated New Year’s Eve at my grandmother’s house.

4. The name of a city, country, river, ocean is also a proper noun. Always capitalize them.

  • Mumbai, Kolkata, and Chennai are important ports of India.
  • The Ganges is one of the longest rivers in India.


Some proper nouns have more than one word, like the United Kingdom, Statue of Liberty etc. Capitalize the first letter of the proper noun.


                   United Kingdom

                       Uncle Sunil

                   Statue of Liberty


Common Mistake:

1. Proper nouns must be capitalized, no matter where it is placed in a sentence.


Rinku and Reeta are best friends. ✅

Rinku and reeta are best friends.❌

2. Do not mistake the name of a season as a proper noun. Always write the names of seasons in small letters.


I love the summer season.✅

I love the Summer season. ❌

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