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Writing a Poem for class 5 English

Concept : Cinquain Poem 

Students will learn cinquain poem examples and images. They will also study about the feature and pattern of a cinquain poem. There are some exceptions to the rules of cinquain.

In this learning concept, the students will learn:

  • To create cinquain poems
  • To complete cinquain poems that has a missing sentence.

Every concept for class 5 English students have been covered using examples, illustrations, and concept maps. Once you go through a concept, assess your learning by solving the two printable worksheets given at the end of the page.

Download the worksheets and check your answers with the worksheet solutions for the concept Cinquain Poem provided in PDF format.

What is a Cinquain Poem?

Cinquain poem was invented by Adelaide Crapsey, an American poet. It is a short poem that contains the following :

  • Written in five lines.
  • Contains twenty-two syllables distributed in five lines as 2, 4, 6, 8, 2.

Features of a Cinquain Poem:

  • It portrays vivid images and conveys a picture of what it describes. It has its appeal due to its simplicity.
  • When you look at the poem, it resembles the shape of a diamond.

The Pattern of a Cinquain Poem:

Cinquain does not follow grammar in the strict sense. However, you can follow the trick given below to remember the pattern quickly:

The first line: Noun

The second line: Description of Noun (Adjectives)

The third line: Action (-ing verbs)

The fourth line: Feeling or Effect (a four-word phrase)

The fifth line: Synonym of the initial noun in line 1

In the Cinquain poem, the syllable is written in the following manner:

  • The first line consists of one word
  • Second line usually has two words
  • Third line has three words
  • Usually the fourtn line has four words.
  • Fifth line has one word.

(Each word has two syllables)

Examples:

  • 1st line there are two syllables
  • 2nd line there are four syllables
  • 3rd line there are six syllables

How to Write a Cinquain Poem?

Follow the steps below to write a Cinquain poem.

  • First, think about an idea. Decide on the topic of the poem.
  • Think about the qualities of the topic you decided.
  • Title your poem with the name of the topic.
  • Write down the words in the sequence shown and keep the syllable count in mind.

Examples:

Clouds

Fluffy, white

Moving, gliding, swaying

Looks like cotton

Candy

 

Exceptions

Cinquain poems have various rhythms. They don't always have to rhyme. However, you can add rhyming words by using the word that rhymes with the last word of the previous line. The words ‘June’ and ‘monsoon’ rhyme. i

Examples:

Rain

Wet, puddles

Dropping, drizzling, shivering

Thunders during monsoon

June

 

Concept : 6 Line Poem in English for Class 5

Five senses poem is also called 6 line poem in English. It uses similes too. A five senses poem describing the topic through the five senses: sight, smell, hearing, touch, and taste.

In this learning concept, students will learn:

  • Definition of 6 line poem in English.
  • How to use the five senses in your writing?
  • How to write a five senses poem?
  • Senses poem examples
  • Features of the senses poem.

All the learning concepts covered for Class 5 have illustrations, mind maps, and examples. Students can check their understanding by solving the two printable PDF worksheets. The solutions to these exercises are also available in PDF format.

Definition:

  • A five-senses poem includes a very simple form of choosing a topic or subject and explaining it through our senses: sight, touch, smell, hearing, and taste.
  • Five senses poems use our sense organs to investigate a subject. The focus of the poem is on using similes.

 

Characteristics of the Senses Poem:

  • This poem comprises of six lines. The lines are not in rhyme.
  • It is characterized by the use of similes, where the subject is compared with different things through the use of words ‘like’ or ‘as’.

How to Use the Five Senses in Your Writing?

Before you start writing a five-senses poem, decide the words you will use to describe your topic using the five senses. You can describe your topic or subject by using each of the five senses if required.
For instance, describing a chocolate cake using all my five senses.

  • Taste: Soft, moist, creamy, buttery, sweet, melt in your mouth, a chocolatey flavour from cocoa powder.
  • Touch: Smooth, silky, tender, soft.
  • Sight: mounds, white as snow (vanilla), little crevices and puddles (when it melts)
  • Smell: Slightly sweet, cocoa smell,
  • Hearing: plop, splat (when it falls on the floor)

How to Write a Five Senses Poem?

Now that you've done some brainstorming, you can write a poem by adding the descriptions you felt using your five senses.
As has been discussed before, a five-sense poem is comprised of six lines. Out of the six lines, each line goes like this discussed below.

  1. In the first line, the subject can be compared with a colour, an idea, or an emotion.
  2. In the second line, describe its taste.
  3. In the third line, describe how it sounds
  4. In the fourth line, describe how it smells
  5. In the fifth line, describe how it looks
  6. In the sixth line, describe how it feels.

Example:

Hawaii
by Miss Larson
Hawaii is blue,
It tastes like shaved ice,
It sounds like waves crashing on the beach,
It smells like plumeria flowers,
It looks like my dream home,
It makes me feel happy.

So having studied so far, let us once have a look at the chief features of the ‘senses poem’.It consists of six lines.
A lot of similes are used for comparison. For instance, “ tastes like shaved ice”, “smells like plumeria flowers” etc.
There is no need for rhyme to write a five senses poem.
The first line compares the subject with emotion, color, or mood.
The next five lines compare the traits of the subject with different senses.
The topic is usually a one-word topic and an animal name is not chosen in this regard.

Exception:

Sometimes the opening line is dropped and it directly starts with the senses. Then the poem becomes a five-line ‘senses poem’ instead of a six-line one.
We don’t have to use all five senses to write a poem. We only apply those that best convey the message.

 

Concept : Four Line Poem - Clerihew for Class 5 English

Clerihew, is also known as a four line poem. It is a light quatrain verse which are of varying length and deals with a person named in the first line.

In this learning concept , students will learn:

  • Definition of four line poem with rhyming words.
  • Features of clerihew poem.
  • Rhyme scheme of clerihew with examples.

All the learning concepts covered for Class 5 have illustrations, mind maps, and examples. Students can check their understanding by solving the two printable PDF worksheets. The solutions to these exercises are also available in PDF format.

Definition

The Clerihew poem was invented by Edmund Clerihew Bentley in the beginning of the 20th century. It is a comic verse consisting of two couplets.

The Main Features of a Clerihew

  • As per its patterns or form, it’s just a four-line poem that rhymes as AABB It makes fun of somebody well-known.
  • It is a witty poem about a famous person.
  • Also in most clerihews, the poem starts with the subject in the opening line itself. Also in most clerihews, the poem starts with the subject in the opening line itself.
  • It’s often the last two lines of a clerihew that makes the poem funny or entertaining for the reader.
  • These are short poems and are usually not challenging to write.
  • It can be written about people we know or we don’t even know.
    But readers can relate to a clerihew well when the subject is a known character.
  • It is biographical in nature.

Rhyme Scheme of a Clerihew

  1. Usually, the first line contains the name of the subject.
  2. The second line should rhyme with the first (name of subject) line.
  3. The third and fourth lines must rhyme.
  4. The first line names the person, and the second line ends with a word that rhymes with the name of the person.
  5. Just remember, mention the person’s name at the end of the first line, rhyme it at the end of the second line. Thereafter write two more funny rhyming lines.

Examples

Clerihews by Edmund Clerihew Bentley
Sir Humphrey Davy
Detested gravy.
He lived in the odium
Of having discovered sodium.
*****
Sir Christopher Wren
Said, “I’m going to dine with some men.
If anyone calls,
Say I’m designing St. Paul’s.”

Common Mistakes

  1. The trick to writing a clerihew is to mention true facts about the person and arrange them in a way that makes the poem comical.
  2. Remember to begin the poem with the person’s full name and choose details about them that you did like to include in the poem. Their name is either only in the first line or within the first line of the poem. After that, another three more lines to go.
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