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NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 8 – “Urban Livelihoods”

In urban areas, individuals typically fall into two categories: those who are self-employed and those working for employers. They earn their livelihoods through a diverse range of occupations. Additionally, it's noticeable that a considerable number of people from rural regions migrate to urban areas in pursuit of employment opportunities and an improved quality of life. A significant portion of these urban workers are self-employed, engaging in activities such as street vending, repair work, and the provision of various services. Chapter 8 of CBSE Class 6 Civics provides an in-depth exploration of the livelihoods of urban dwellers, shedding light on the nature of their occupations. It also discusses the advantages of permanent employment as well as the disadvantages associated with non-permanent jobs.

Download the NCERT Solutions for Urban Livelihoods in PDF

Urban Livelihoods

Frequently Asked Questions 

 

Q1: Can students rely on Orchids The International School NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics Chapter 8 to fetch high marks in the annual exam?


Orchids The International School provides online NCERT Solutions for chapter-wise and exercise-wise questions framed by subject experts to boost students’ annual exam preparations. All the answers are neatly presented, following the CBSE guidelines and marking schemes. Further, these solutions help students to comprehend new concepts easily. Hence, the prime focus of providing solutions is to empower students with knowledge that lasts longer.

 

Q2: Does Orchids The International School NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics Chapter 8 provide accurate answers for the textbook questions?


Yes, the NCERT Solutions offered by Orchids The International School are highly accurate and are based on the latest guidelines set by the CBSE Board. The subject-matter experts have created these solutions after conducting vast research so that students can grasp new topics efficiently. The solutions are explained in detail and are easy to comprehend for the students to revise the concepts after learning them. Further, students can access the PDF of solutions available at Orchids The International School with a free download option to practice at any time convenient for them.


Q3: What are the main topics that students will learn in Chapter 8 of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics?


The main topics that students will learn in Chapter 8 of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics are listed below:


1. Working on the street
2. In the market
3. Business persons
4. In the factory – workshop area
5. In the office area


To learn more about these topics effortlessly, students can access the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics and refer to them while answering the textbook questions. The solutions are available in both online and offline modes to aid students in comprehending the subject at their own pace.

 

Question 1 :

In what ways is a permanent and regular job different from a casual job? Discuss.

Answer :

A permanent and regular job is different from a casual job in the following ways:

 

Permanent Job

Casual Job

Working hours

Fixed

variable

Job security

Secured

Not secured

Payments

Fixed

Not fixed

Paid holidays and leaves

Yes

No

Extra benefits

Yes

No

 


Question 2 :

What benefits does Sudha get along with her salary?

Answer :

She gets the following benefits along with her salary:

  1. Access to medical facilities for her and her family

  2. Access to facilities like Provident Fund

  3. Her job is permanent and secured

  4. She gets off on Government holidays and Sundays

 


Question 3 :

Complete the following table and discuss how their work is different:

Name

Place of Work

Earnings

Security of Work

Benefits Received

Work on Their Own or Employed

Bachchu Manjhi

 

Rs. 100 a day

     

Harpreet, Vandana

       

Work on their own

Nirmala

   

No security

   

Sudha

Company

Rs. 30,000 p.m.

     

 

Answer :

 

Name

Place of Work

Earnings

Security of Work

Benefits Received

Work on Their Own or Employed

Bachchu Manjhi

Rickshaw puller

Rs. 100 a day

No security

No benefits

Work on their own

Harpreet, Vandana

Garment showroom

Good earnings

Yes, license to do business

Growth in the business

Work on their own

Nirmala

Garment factory

Rs. 80 per day for 8 hours

No security

Rs. 40 for extra

Employed

Sudha

Company

Rs. 30,000 p.m.

Secured

Paid leave, medical facilities, PF etc

Employed

 


Question 4 :

Read and discuss the following description of the living conditions of workers who come to the labor chowk. Most workers that we find at the labor chowk cannot afford permanent accommodation, so they sleep on pavements near the chowk, or they pay Rs. 6 a night for a bed at a nearby night shelter run by the Municipal Corporation. To compensate for the lack of security, local tea and cigarette shops function as banks, moneylenders and safety lockers, all rolled into one. Most workers leave their tools at these shops for the night for safekeeping and pass on any extra money to them. The shopkeepers keep the money safe and also offer loans to laborers in need.

 

Answer :

  1. Their living conditions are very poor – without any access to basic facilities like sanitation and drinking water.

  2. Due to the lack of basic facilities, they will be prone to many diseases.

  3. As they live in poverty, they cannot access medical facilities.

  4. They do not have permanent jobs.

  5. They don’t have access to education and will continue living in poverty.

 


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