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ORCHIDS The International School

Endangered Animals and Their Conservation

1) Why Are Pangolins Poached?

  • Pangolins are hunted for meat and scales.
  • Pangolin scales are sold for high prices in the international market.
  • These scales are used to make dresses, jackets, fashion accessories and medicines.

2) Write the Differences Between the African Rhinoceros and the Indian Rhinoceros.

The differences between the African rhinoceros and the Indian rhinoceros are as follows—

1. African rhinoceros 1. Indian rhinoceros
2. Two horns are present. 2. One horn is present.
3. The body colour is black. 3. The body colour is greyish-brown.
4. A few skin folds are present 4. Many skin folds are present.
5. Skin is hairy. 5. Skin is hairless.


3) State the Difference Between Ex-Situ and In-Situ Conservation?

The differences between ex-situ and in-situ conservation are given below—

Ex-situ conservation In-situ conservation
In this type of conservation, endangered animals and plants are preserved outside their natural habitat. In this type of conservation, endangered animals and plants are preserved in their natural habitat.
Example: Zoological gardens. Example: Biosphere reserves and national parks.


4) Name Four Tiger Reserves of India.

The names of four tiger reserves in India are—

  • Sundarban Tiger Reserve
  • Kanha Tiger Reserve
  • Dudhwa Tiger Reserve
  • Melghat Tiger Reserve

5) How Did the Tasmanian Devil Become an Endangered Animal?

  • The Tasmanian Devil is native to the Australian island of Tasmania.
  • Their population dropped due to a contagious cancer disease called the ‘Devil Facial Tumour Disease’.
  • Scientists are trying to protect and preserve these animals by producing anti-cancer vaccines.

6) Name a Famous Bird Sanctuary in India.

  • Keoladeo National Park, situated in Rajasthan, is a famous bird sanctuary in India.
  • Ducks, geese, pelicans, cormorants, and even rare Siberian Cranes and eagles are seen in this bird sanctuary.

7) Why Is Blubber Found in the Bodies of Aquatic Mammals?

  • Blubber is a layer of fatty tissue that is present in aquatic mammals.
  • It acts as an insulating material against cold.
  • It stores energy in the form of fats, which animals use when required.

8) What Is a Living Fossil?

  • Fossil stands for the remains of dead plants and animals, which are studied to identify the characteristics of organisms found on earth in ancient times.
  • A species which does not have any resemblance to the living organism but somewhat resembles a fossil in its characteristics is called a living fossil, such as the horseshoe crab.

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