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Animals Shelter and Characteristics of Animals for Class 1 Science

Animals are living organisms that require food and shelter for survival. In this concept, students will learn about the characteristics of animals living in various shelters.

After reading the concept, students will be able to:

  • Identify the types of animal shelter.
  • Understand the difference between plants and animals.
  • Classify the food habits of animals.

Each concept is explained to class 1 students using descriptions, illustrations, and concept maps. After you go through a concept, assess your learning by solving the two printable worksheets given at the end of the page.
Download the worksheets and check your answers with the worksheet solutions for the concept Shelter and Characteristics of Animals provided in PDF format.

  • There are many food items around us. Some of us may like eating sweet foods, whereas some may like eating salty foods
  • Our taste buds and food choices differ. Similar is the case of animals. They eat a variety of food.


Food Habits of Animals:

  • Some animals eat only animal flesh and are called carnivores.
Examples:  Tiger, lion, etc.
  • Some animals eat only plants and their different parts and are called herbivores.
Examples:  Goat, cow, etc.
  • Lastly, some animals eat both plant and animal products and are called omnivores.
Examples:  Bear, dog, etc..



  • A place where a living organism lives and grows is called a shelter
  • A shelter may be natural or man-made.
  • Natural shelters are jungles, lakes, seas, etc.
  • Man-made shelters are zoos, aquariums, kennels, etc.

Animals require shelters for the following reasons—

  • To protect themselves from rough weather.
  • To be safe from other animals.
  • To rest and give birth to young ones.

Let us look at the shelter and food of some common animals.


1. Lion:

  • Lions live in caves in forests.
  • These caves are called dens.
  • A lion is a carnivore.


2. Rabbit:

  • Rabbits can be both wild and pet animals.
  • They are burrowing animals and live in burrows in the wild.
  • As a pet, they are kept in a cage-like structure called a hutch.
  • Rabbits are herbivores.


3. Birds:

  • Birds weave twigs and other things like leaves, cotton, etc., together to form a comfortable structure called a nest.
  • Some birds like Eagles use stones to make nests.
  • Tailor birds make hanging nests.
  • Woodpeckers make their nest in tree holes.
  • Birds are generally omnivores.
  • Prey birds like vultures and eagles are carnivores.


4. Honey Bees:

  • Honey bees use wax to make a beehive.
  • A group of bees called a colony lives in a beehiv
  • Bees are herbivores and feed on the juices of flowers, which they use for making honey.


5. Ants

  • Ants live in a group like bees.
  • They make a hill-like structure using sand called anthill.
  • Ants are omnivores.


6. Monkeys:

  • Monkeys are arboreal animals. They do not make any specific shelters and live on trees.
  • Other animals which live on trees are gorillas, chimpanzees, etc.
  • Monkeys are herbivores.


7. Bear:

  • Bears are found in jungles.
  • They live in caves.
  • Bears are omnivores.


8. Horse:

  • The horse is a domestic animal.
  • It lives in a man-made shelter called a stable.
  • The horse is a herbivore.


9. Cow:

  • The cow is a domestic animal.
  • It lives in a man-made shelter called cattle shed.
  • Other milching animals like buffaloes and goats are also kept in cattle sheds.
  • The cow is a herbivore.

10. Hen:

  • The hen is domesticated to obtain eggs and meat.
  • It lives in a man-made shelter called a coop.
  • The hen is an omnivore.


11. Dog:

  • The dog is a pet animal.
  • It lives in a man-made shelter called a kennel.
  • The dog is an omnivore.


12. Pig:

  • Pigs are found both in the wild as well as domesticated for meat.
  • Wild pigs live in the jungle, whereas the domesticated ones live in a man-made shelter called a pigsty.
  • Pigs are omnivores.

13. Sheep:

  • Sheep are domesticated to obtain wool.
  • They live in a man-made shelter called a pen.
  • They are herbivores.


14. Spider:

  • Spiders are insects.
  • They make their web-shaped shelter called spider web on their own.
  • Spiders are carnivorous.


15. Squirrels:

  • Squirrels are
  • They make their shelter in tree holes.
  • They are herbivorous.


16. Frogs:

  • Frogs are adapted to live both on land and in water.
  • They are generally found in water bodies like lakes and ponds.
  • Frogs are carnivores.


17. Marine animals:

  • Animals that are found in large water bodies like seas and oceans are called marine animals.
  • Marine animals can be carnivores, herbivores or omnivores.

Examples of marine animals are as follows:


18. Desert Animals Adaptations:

  • Some animals are specially adapted to live in hot sandy areas called deserts.
  • Examples of animals that live in the desert are camels and lizards.
  • Camels can survive without water for many days. Lizards urinate less to conserve water in their bodies.
  • Camel is a herbivore, whereas lizard is a carnivore.

New Words:

Mulching animals:Animals that make mik like cows,goats,etc.

Arboreal animals:Animals that live on trees.

Rodents:Animals that nibble due to their evergrowing front teeth


Did You Know?

  • Sheep, horses, cows, buffalo, and goats are together called farm animals as they are kept in open areas called farmlands.
  • Bears go for a very long sleep in winter and do not come out of their caves.
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