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Plants Plants Habitat and Adaptations for Class 1 Science

A habitat is a place where an organism lives and grows. The students will learn about the different plants habitat in this concept. It will also introduce them to the plants found in mountains, plains, deserts, water and coastal areas.

After reading the concept, students will be able to:

  • List various plants habitat.
  • Give examples of plants found in different habitats.
  • Define what is habitat?
  • Describe the following—
    • Adaptations of plants in deserts.
    • Adaptations of plants in mountains.
    • Adaptations of plants growing in water.
    • Adaptations of plants growing in plains.
    • Adaptations of plants growing in coastal areas.

Each concept is explained to class 1 students using descriptions, illustrations, and concept maps. After you go through a concept, assess your learning by solving the two printable worksheets given at the end of the page.
Download the worksheets and check your answers with the worksheet solutions for the concept Plants Habitat and adaptations provided in PDF format.

We see a variety of plants around us. Based on the location where the plants grow, they have certain unique features.

Types of Plant Habitats :

Plants are found everywhere in the environment—on land, in water, on mountains, etc. Based on their habitats, plants can be of the following types—

  • Desert plants
  • Mountain plants
  • Water plants
  • Terrestrial plants

Mountain Plants:

  • Mountains have a cold climate, where frequent snowfall occurs.
  • The trees and plants found in mountainous areas have conical shapes.
  • This conical shape helps shed snow that settles down on the leaves and branches.
  • Plants have needle-shaped or long leaves, which help reduce water loss from the leaves.
  • These plants have deep roots.


   Deodar, Oak, Maple, Cedar.

Plants Growing in Deserts

  • Plants that are found in deserts have fleshy stems.
  • These fleshy stems help them store water later used during water scarcity.
  • Their roots move deep inside the soil to absorb water.
  • Their leaves get modified into spines so that water is not lost through them.


   Cactus, Babool, Palm tree.

Adaptations of Plants in Plains

  • Plains receive enough amount of rainfall which helps the plants grow well.
  • Plants growing on plains are usually large, with a big crown and strong branches.


   Mango, Gulmohar, Banyan, Sheesham, Neem.

Plants Growing in Water:

  • Plants are either found floating on water or are submerged in it.
  • These plants have leaves coated with a waxy substance that does not allow water to settle on the leaves.
  • They do not have too deep roots as they are in contact with water and can absorb water directly.


   Lotus, Water lily, Water lettuce, Hydrilla

Plants Growing in Coastal Areas:

  • Areas that are located near the seas and oceans are called coastal areas. The weather in these areas is hot and humid.
  • Plants growing there can tolerate saline soil and are usually taller than plants growing in other regions.
  • The plants have scaly leaves with thick coatings, which help decrease water loss.


   Coconut, Palm.

New Words:

Humid: The presence of water vapour in the air

Submerged: Present inside water

Scarcity: When something is not obtained in sufficient amounts

Did You Know?

  • A banyan tree can live for 200-300 years.
  • Trees on mountains have cones instead of flowers.
  • Trees generally shed their leaves in winters, but some evergreen trees do not shed their leaves at all.
  • Some cactus have poisonous thorns that protect them from being eaten by animals.
  • Venus Fly Trap and Pitcher plants are carnivorous and can eat smal


Plants habitat and adaptations

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