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Wild, domestic and farm animals

Wild, Farm and Domestic Animals for Class 2 Science

The animals that live in dense forests are called wild animals. The animals, such as cows, sheep, dogs, etc., are domestic animals and are kept in man-made shelters such as animal sheds, sheep pens, dog kennels, etc.
This concept will give the learners an idea about different types of animals based on their habitat.

After reading the concept, students will be able to:

  • Answer what domestication is.
  • Differentiate between domestic animals and wild animals.
  • Name the animal kept in a pigsty.
  • State the meaning and examples of farm animals.
  • Categorize the animals reared as livestock.
  • Give examples of pet animals.

Each concept is explained to class 2 students using descriptions, illustrations, and concept maps. After you go through a concept, assess your learning by solving the two printable worksheets given at the end of the page.
Download the worksheets and check your answers with the worksheet solutions for the concept Wild, Farm and Domestic Animals provided in PDF format.

  • Animals can be categorised into three types depending upon their feeding habits and shelters.
  • Some animals are reared on farms, some are kept at home for companionship, and some live in natural habitats like forests.
  • According to their place of living, animals are divided into wild, domestic, and farm animals.

Wild Animals:

  • Wild animals live in deep forests and jungles
  • Flesh-eating wild animals are fierce and hunt for their food.


Food of Wild Animals:

  • Animals depend either on plants or other animals for food.
  • Plant-eating animals depend on grasses, shrubs, plants, and trees for their food. These animals are called herbivores.
  • The animals that depend on other animals' flesh for food and do not eat plant parts are called carnivores.
  • Some animals eat both plants and animals. They are called omnivores.
  • Examples of wild animals are as follows—


1) Lion:
  • The lion is the king of the jungle.
  • They live in dry forests and caves.
  • They hunt and eat the animals for food.
  • Lions live in groups called pride.
  • The male lion can be differentiated by a layer of hair around the neck.
2) Tiger:
  • Tigers are known for their extra-sensitive sense organs.
  • Whiskers of a tiger can sense the slightest movements in the air.
  • They are carnivores and hunt their prey using strong paws and claws.
3) Giraffe:
  • Giraffes are plant-eating animals.
  • They are characterised by very long necks and legs.
  • They have long legs making them a fast runner.
4) Elephant:
  • Elephants are the most intelligent wild animals. Elephants are herbivorous and live in herds.
  • They have a long trunk, which is a modified nose. It helps suck the water or lift heavy things.
  • Their large ears enable them to hear the faintest sounds.
  • They have broad feet to balance their body weight.


5) Crocodile:
  • Crocodiles live both in the water as well as on the land.
  • They are generally found near water bodies like rivers and lakes.
  • Crocodiles spend most of their time in the water. Adult crocodiles hunt small mammals and birds like waterfowl.
  • They use strong jaws and sharp teeth to kill their prey


6) Deer:
  • A deer is a hoofed and herbivorous animal that lives in the jungle. .
  • They are preyed on by the animals like tigers and lions
  • They are fast runners


7) Chimpanzee:
  • The chimpanzee is an intelligent animal and resembles humans in many characteristics.
  • They are social animals and hence live in groups
  • They are herbivorous and feed on plants and their parts.


Domestic Animals:

  • Domestic animals are born, raised, and trained to obtain animal products and help in physical work.
  • The process by which humans provide the animals with food and shelter and protect them against diseases and other issues is called domestication.
  • Examples of domestic animals are as follows—
1) Sheep:
  • Sheep are one of the first domesticated animals.
  • They are reared for meat and wool.
  • Sheep are kept in a protected and fenced area called sheep pens.
2) Horse:
  • Horses are kept in stables.
  • These animals are mainly used to transport goods from one place to another
  • Horses are used for riding and racing too.


3) Cattle:
  • Cows and buffaloes are called cattle.
  • These are hoofed and herbivorous animals reared for milk, meat, and other by-products like leather.
  • They are kept in cattle sheds.


4) Pig:
  • Pigs are kept in the pigsty.
  • They like to eat grains and vegetables.
  • A pig’s snout is very sensitive to food.
  • They are reared for meat.
5) Pet Animals:
  • Pet animals are those who are domesticated and reared at home for companionship.
  • Examples of pet animals are dogs, rabbits, cats, birds like parrots, etc.
  • Dogs are kept in kennels and pet birds in cages.


Farm Animals:

  • The animals domesticated on farms for animal products and used in activities in farming are called farm animals.
  • Farm animals are mostly kept in barn houses or sheds.
  • Hens and ducks are reared for meat and eggs.
  • Cows, buffaloes, and goats are reared for milk, meat, and skin.
  • Cattle dung is also used for the production of biogas and as manure.
  • Sheep and goats are raised for their wool, meat, and milk.
  • Oxen and bulls are used for farming activities like fetching water in rural areas, ploughing fields, etc.
  • Donkeys and Mules are reared for carrying heavy loads.
  • The animals reared on farms are also called livestock.


New Words:

Livestock: Animals reared in the agricultural lands for meat, leather, milk, and wool.

Hoofed: A solid and tough covering that protects the toes of some animals like dear, buffalo, and cow.

Whiskers: Long hairs around the muzzle of animals.


Did You Know?

  • The hair around the male lion’s neck is called mane.
  • The skin of the polar bear is actually black. The fur on its skin gives it a white colour.
  • Only hummingbirds can fly backwards.
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