The addition is a process of summing up two or more items together. Commonly we use the operations of addition when we work with money or time.

This concept introduces the operation and addition for class 1 maths students.

In this learning concept, the students will learn to

- Addition with fingers
- Addition using counters
- Addition in number line
- Add mentally
- Word problems on addition for class 1

Each concept is explained to class 1 maths students with illustrations and examples, and a concept map is given to summarize the idea. At the end of the page, two printable worksheets with solutions are attached for students to practice.

To find total or count the objects together we use addition.

**Example:**

If we have some fruits in two baskets. We put them **all together** in one big basket. Now to find the **total number of fruits**, we need to do an **Addition.**

- For the sentences ‘all together’, ‘total number’, ‘how many in all’, etc., we need to do addition.
- Addition is represented by the symbol ‘+’ read as ‘plus’.

**Example :**

Addition of the numbers 3 and 4 is written as: ‘3+4’.

It is read as **‘3 plus 4’.**

- We can add numbers by writing them horizontally as well as vertically in columns.
- The numbers that are added together are called
**Addends.** - When we add two or more numbers, the result is called the
**Sum.**For example;

- The symbol ‘=’ is read as
**‘is equal to’.** - ‘4 + 5 = 9’ is read as
**4 plus 5 is equal to 9.**

**Addition of single digit numbers**

We can add two numbers in so many ways.

We can use our hand’s fingers to do the addition. Let’s see.

Nisha has three chocolates. Bipin gives her two more chocolates. Now, we have to find the **total number of chocolates** Nisha has.

For three chocolates open three fingers of one hand.

For two chocolates open two more fingers of the other hand.

Now count all the fingers together.

We get the number 5.

So, Nisha has 5 chocolates in total now.

For adding 3 and 2, open only two fingers of the hand and count after the number 3.

It will also give the same answer.

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**Counters: **Each counter (object or shape) represent a number.

**For example:**

**6+3= ?**

Here we can take any object or shape to represent the numbers. **(Counter)**

For the number 6 draw six circles.

For the number 3, draw 3 more circles.

Now, count all the circles together.

There are 9 circles in total.

So, we came to know that,

**6+3= 9**

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**Number line: **A straight line on which numbers are placed at the same distance and in the correct order. Numbers are placed from left to right.

**By using number line, we can easily make an addition.**

**For example:**

**2+6= ?**

First on a number line mark the number 2.

Now move **six steps forward **to the right side and observe the number where we reach.

We reach at the number 8.

So, 8 is the sum of 2 and 6.

**2+6= 8**

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By counting mentally, we can do addition.

**For example:**

**4+3= ?**

Now, let’s think about the number 4 and count 3 more numbers after 4.

We get the number 7.

So, the sum of the numbers 4 and 3 is equal to 7.

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**1. When we add 0 to a number, the answer is the number itself.**

**Example:**

**1+0=1**

**6+0=6**

**0+8=8**

**0+9=9**

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**2. When we add 1 to a number, the answer is the next number.**

**Example:**

1. 2+1=3

Counting the one step forward to 2, we get the number 3.

**Finding missing numerals in addition:**

**Example:**

Here we can take any two numbers whose sum is 5.

0 + 5 = 5

1 + 4 = 5

2 + 3 = 5

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We can solve word problems based on addition by the following steps

**Step 1: **Identify the numbers in the word problem which need to be added.

**Step 2: **Write the word problem in the form of addition.

**Step 3: **Do the addition to find the sum.

**Question: **There are 3 red balls and 6 green balls in a box. How many total balls are there in the box?

**Answer: **Since there are 3 red balls and 6 green balls in the box, we need to add 3 and 6 to find the total number of balls in the box.

There is total 9 balls in the box.

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